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Pete Rock

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Pete Rock
Pete Rock

Birth name

Peter Phillips

Also known as

Soul Brother #1, The Chocolate Boy Wonder

Born

21 June 1970 (age 46)
New York City, New York, United States

Origin

Mount Vernon, New York, United States

Genre

Hip hop

Occupation(s)

Record producer, disc jockey, rapper

Years active

1987-present

Label

Elektra, Loud/RCA/BMG, Rapster/BBE, Nature Sounds/Caroline/Virgin/EMI

Associated acts

9th Wonder, AZ, C.L. Smooth, DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, DJ Premier, Ed O.G., Grap Luva, Heavy D, Ill Bill, InI, J Dilla, Marley Marl, Nas, Non Phixion, Pharoahe Monch, Rakim, Smif-n-Wessun, Kanye West, Wu-Tang Clan, YG'z

Peter Phillips (born 21 June 1970), better known by his stage name Pete Rock, is an American record producer, DJ and rapper. He rose to prominence in the early 1990s as a half of the critically acclaimed group Pete Rock & C.L. Smooth. After the duo seperated, Rock continued with a solo career that has garnered him worldwide respect within the hip hop community, though little in the way of mainstream success. Along with groups such as Stetsasonic, A Tribe Called Quest, The Roots and Gang Starr, Pete RockRock played a major role in the merging of elements from jazz into hip hop music (best known as jazz rap). He is widely recognised as one of the greatest hip hop producers of all time, and is often mentioned alongside DJ Premier, RZA, and J Dilla as one of the mainstays of 1990s East Coast hip hop production. Pete Rock is also the older brother and younger cousin, respectively, of rappers Grap Luva and the late Heavy D.

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Pete Rock was born in The Bronx, New York, as the sixth of seven children of Jamaican immigrant parents. His family moved to Mount Vernon, New York when he was seven years old. During high school, he met his future recording partner C.L. Smooth. According to Rock, his father was also a part time DJ who had an impressive record collection. Rock would accompany his father to a cricket club called Wembley in The Bronx and watch as he spun records for the guests. His first job was as a paperboy in his neighbourhood.

Early careerEdit

His first major exposure to the hip hop audience was in 1987 with Marley Marl, as a DJ on New York's WBLS radio show "In Control with Marley Marl". The 17-year-old Rock was recognised by the listening audience as the man "puttin' in work", as he would use double copies of each record to cut up every song he played, when most New York DJs would only use double copies on every third or fourth song. Propelled by the growth of his popularity, he began producing in the early 1990s. In 1991, he collaborated with his friend C.L. Smooth to release the EP All Souled Out.

The following year saw the duo release their debut album Mecca and the Soul Brother, which was met with critical acclaim and hailed as a classic hip hop album by many. Pete Rock & C.L. Smooth were first signed to Elektra Records, and were managed and executive produced by Eddie F of Heavy D & the Boyz. Pete Rock was one of the original three "Untouchables" producers, along with Eddie F and Nevelle Hodge.

During this period, Pete Rock began to produce songs for other artists, such as "Down With the King" for Run-D.M.C. and "The World Is Yours" for Nas, as well as remixing singles for Jeru the Damaja ("You Can't Stop the Prophet"), Public Enemy ("Shut 'em Down") and The Notorious B.I.G. ("Juicy" - the original of which was allegedly based on Rock's own demo). Pete Rock and C.L. Smooth followed up Mecca in 1994 with The Main Ingredient. Like its predecessor, The Main Ingredient also received wide critical acclaim. However, soon after the album's release, the duo split due to creative differences and went their separate ways, with Rock focusing on production work for other artists.

In 1995, he created the group InI, with his brother Grap Luva, Rob-O, I Love H.I.M., Marco Polo and DJ Boodakhan. The trio recorded an album that was nearly entirely produced by Pete Rock, Center of Attention, but it was shelved and was subsequently heavily bootlegged. It remained unreleased officially until 2003, when BBE Records picked it up for distribution. The release of this album was coupled with another previously unreleased mid-1990s Pete Rock-produced album, Deda's The Original Baby Pa.

Solo careerEdit

This section is incomplete. You can help by expanding it.

While working as DJ with Marley Marl on Hot 97's Future Flavas show, Rock was able to forge a relationship with Loud Records, allowing him to release his solo album Soul Survivor in the summer of 1998. After being dropped from the Loud imprint, Rock signed with Rapster/BBE under his own label Soul Brother Recordings. His first release on the imprint was PeteStrumentals, which was mostly made up of previously unreleased Rock beats; all recorded between 1990 and 1995 but remixed and mastered for the 2001 BBE Project. The album also had two additional 2001 songs that featured vocals from The Un. An expanded and revisited version of the album was released less than one year later; three instrumentals had been replaced with three new songs separately featuring C.L. Smooth, Freddie Foxxx and Nature. He released the album Soul Survivor II in 2004, in addition to producing the bulk of Edo G's album My Own Worst Enemy.

Pete Rock returned to greater visibility through a close relationship with the Wu-Tang Clan. Their collaborations began with the release of Soul Survivor, which featured Inspectah Deck, Method Man, Ghostface Killah and Raekwon on various tracks, and produced a track each for Inspectah Deck's and Raekwon's 1999 albums. Soul Survivor II featured appearances from RZA and GZA. In 2006, he produced a song for Ghostface's release Fishscale.

DiscographyEdit

Studio albumsEdit

Collaboration albumsEdit

External linksEdit

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